Officially registered HIV cases Estimated HIV cases Officially registered HIV/TB cases Officially AIDS cases Estimated Hepatitis C cases for PLHIV Officially registered cases of sexually transmitted diseases
29,568 (February 2017) No Data 8,418 (2017) 2,895 (February 2017) 2895 No Data

Today, the HIV epidemic in Kazakhstan is relatively young and is highly concentrated among people who inject drugs and sex workers. Additionally, given that Kazakhstan is located at a key point on the regional drug trafficking route, in addition to high rates of unemployment, migration and poverty, high-risk behaviour related to HIV is not uncommon. In 2006, HIV outbreaks through blood transfusions and nosocomial transmission (that is, via hospitals and medical treatment) in the Shymkent region caused more than 100 children to become infected. Kazakhstan receives funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to support the nation’s treatment needs; however, free treatment for opportunistic infections—with the exception of tuberculosis—is not yet available.



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