FAST-TRACK TB/HIV RESPONSES FOR KEY POPULATIONS IN EECA CITIES
Countries: Bulgaria (Sofia), Georgia (Tbilisi), Kazakhstan (Almaty), Moldova (Balti), Ukraine (Odesa) || Duration:01.01.2017-31.12.2019 ||Donor: Global Fund || Budget for AFEW: €USD 198,035
A regional program in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) piloting an innovative city service model to combat HIV and tuberculosis (TB), with a special focus on key affected populations.
The city service model was implemented in Western Europe, the U.S. and Canada as far back as 1986 to address public health issues. The model is based on the assumptions that municipalities have an obligation to mobilize resources to deal with high-burden epidemics.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the EECA region is still driven by key affected populations, which are concentrated in urban areas. On average, the share of representatives of key populations among all people living with HIV/AIDS is assumed to be up to 70%, while the majority of them are people who inject drugs (about 80% of all HIV-infected representatives of key populations). Despite the paramount role of key populations in the development of HIV epidemics in the region, reaching them with key services remains low. The overall coverage of essential HIV prevention services of people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers (SW) and men having sex with men (MSM) in Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, and Ukraine is around 40% (at the level of 50% for PWID and SWs and 16% for MSM).
Based on disease burden, the potential and commitment of municipalities to contribute local resources and the feasibility of effective implementation of the pilot project, five cities have been selected: Almaty (Kazakhstan), Balti (Moldova), Odesa (Ukraine), Sofia (Bulgaria) and Tbilisi (Georgia). In the respective cities, there is low HIV and TB treatment efficiency and effectiveness; a lack of political will to address health issues in KAPs and promote human rights and access to services; and a lack of financial sustainability.
The goal of the project is to develop models of sustainable city responses to HIV and TB in key population in EECA that significantly contribute to achieving 90-90-90 HIV/TB targets for key populations. The goal is supported by the following four objectives:
Development and implementation of a model for key populations for the ’90-90-90’ targets of The HIV and TB response in selected cities of the EECA region.
Establishing effective partnerships between municipalities and NGOs/CSOs in selected EECA cities.
Ensuring sustainable allocations of municipal funding for key population programs in project cities.
To increase knowledge management and popularize city responses on HIV and TB in cities of the EECA region and globally.
The TB/HIV responses for key populations in EECA cities is funded by the Global Fund with a $3.9 million grant. The principal recipient is the Alliance for Public Health (Ukraine). Implementing partners are AFEW International; Contact Netz/Licit; and the Stop TB Partnership. UNAIDS (EECA office) will provide technical guidance.
Within this project, we are working with the Public Health Service of Amsterdam (GGD Amsterdam) that covers a wide field of public health activities. The GGD Amsterdam has extensive programmes to reach out to key populations at risk for HIV, TB and viral hepatitis. For more information about prevention, testing and treatment of HIV in the Netherlands go here or send an e-mail to the AIDS STI helpline: firstname.lastname@example.org. If you worry you have HIV, you can call the Public Health Service of Amsterdam: + 31 20 555 5822(Mon-Fri 8:30-10:00, 13:30-16:30).
Although the project is just rolling out, it has already shown results. On 28 February 2017, the Mayor of Odessa signed the Paris Declaration to End the AIDS Epidemic in the city. By the end of 2017, all five cities will have the declaration signed.
The city service models are seen as contributing to the sustainability of the national responses to HIV and TB in the EECA. The models, as well as all tools developed by the project, will be fully replicable and adaptable. Therefore, they can be easily modified by other cities and countries.